NATO in 3D: Deterrence, Defense and Dialogue
PUBLISHED: July 7, 2016
First published in "NATO Summit 2016 – Strengthening Peace and Security"  An official publication of the Atlantic Treaty Association; supported by NATO's Public Diplomacy Division   Sixty years since the adoption of “The Report of the Committee of Three on Non-Military Cooperation in NATO”, authored by the Ministers Gaetano Martino, Halvard Lange and Laster B. Pearson, the Heads of State and Government of the Alliance gather in Warsaw for a Summit that will represent a cornerstone in the NATO adaptation to the new complex security scenario. A 360-degree response is needed to cope with the interconnected threats emerging simultaneously from the Eastern and Southern flanks of the Alliance. Moreover, a similarly wide approach is necessary to combine both the political and military dimension of the Alliance and to effectively meet the extensive range of the new security tasks. The Warsaw Summit will offer a vision of the future of NATO in 3D: Deterrence, Defense, and Dialogue. Deterrence needs to be reconsidered in a modern way, on both its conventional and nuclear dimensions. Defense of our free democracies, populations and territories is worrisome as it is constantly tested by state and non‑state actors and by violent terrorist actions as well. Thus, a strengthening of collective defense is necessary while a comprehensive approach is required to address the multifaceted security challenges of the present crisis management operations. Moreover, new hybrid warfare tactics and asymmetric threats are emerging with unprecedented rapidity and must be confronted by high readiness forces, a faster decision making process, and a genuine spirit of cooperative security with other partners and international institutions, first and foremost the European Union. In fact, “No state, however powerful, can guarantee its security and its welfare by national action alone”. It appeared evident sixty years ago to the Three Wise Men, and it is particularly true in the present days affected by security challenges without borders, such as the cyber threat, migration, and climate change. Yet, defense must be credible and needs to rely on modern capabilities sustained by stable defense budgets that cannot decrease anymore under the 2% of national GDP. Dialogue remains essential to improve cooperative security with partners as well as to complement deterrence and defense. In 1967, Minister Pierre Harmel released a farsighted “Report on the Future Tasks of the Alliance” that effectively introduced the notion of deterrence and dialogue, setting the scene for NATO’s first steps toward a more cooperative approach to security. A strategic move that should represent an inspiring model for restoring a partnership with the Russian Federation. Besides an external feature of dialogue and its cooperative security approach, there is an even more relevant internal dimension of political consultation and cooperation among NATO members that can be further enhanced. As stated by the Three Wise Men, “From the very beginning of NATO, then, it was recognised that while defence cooperation was the first and most urgent requirement, this was not enough. It has also become increasingly realised since the Treaty was signed that security is today far more than a military matter. The strengthening of political consultation and economic cooperation, the development of resources, progress in education and public understanding, all these can be as important, or even more important, for the protection of the security of a nation, or an alliance, as the building of a battleship or the equipping of an army.” Since 1954, these are the very domains and tasks unremittingly addressed by the Atlantic Treaty Association (ATA) across NATO members and partner countries. At present, ATA has increased its outreach and is cooperating with countries in the Mediterranean and the Middle East on joint programs aimed at adopting common solutions to common security challenges. In 1956, the Report of the Committee of Three acknowledged the importance of ATA’s role in forging an Atlantic community by promoting a better understanding of the Alliance and its enduring goals. Since then, with more than 500 programs per year across 37 different countries, ATA and its youth division YATA, is connecting NATO with the civil society and keeping new generations, experts, media, parliamentarians, and decision makers informed and committed to maintaining an effective Alliance. In fact, while military operations and exercises are the most visible aspects of NATO, the real strength and lifeblood of the NATO forces originates from the allied solidarity stemming from the political consultations and from a less visible but vital link with the civil society. ATA remains steadfast in its commitment as in Warsaw, even more than sixty years ago, “A sense of community must bind the people as well as the institutions of the Atlantic nations”.    
By: Atlantic Treaty Association
NATO Summit Publication 2014
PUBLISHED: September 10, 2014
In the occasion of the Wales Summit 2014, ATA has published a dedicated monograph where high level policy makers and experts tackle the strategic issues of the summit. Titled Securing our World, the 2014 edition was distributed to all the delegations and representatives that were taking part to closed-doors discussions and parallel meetings that took place before and during the Summit. CONTENTS Forewords 11 Anders Fogh Rasmussen, Secretary General of NATO 15 The Rt Hon David Cameron MP, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom 17 Douglas E Lute, Permanent Representative for the United States to NATO   Introductions 22 General Knud Bartels, Chairman of the NATO Military Committee 25 Hon Dr Karl A Lamers MP, President of the Atlantic Treaty Association   Editor’s letter 27 Continued evolution Simon Michell, Editor   NATO inside view 28 Tackling today’s challenges Damon Wilson looks at ways in which NATO can adapt to the security challenges that are threatening its periphery today in order to stay relevant to the interests of its members 31 The enlargement conundrum – who's next? Terhi Suominen considers the potential costs and benefits of admitting aspirant members to NATO in the light of recent geopolitical developments, which have provoked fresh debate on the subject 34 Smart defence, connected forces and progressive policy NATO's response to the complexity of today’s security environment must involve culturally appropriate forces and look beyond military measures to social investment, says Hugh Segal   The security challenge   38 The looming threat of global instability Jason Wiseman explores how NATO responds to political instability around the world, and how ATA fully supports its efforts by acting as a bridge between the Alliance and civil society 41 Why is the West failing in its relations with Russia? Projecting a strong public image across the world will be crucial if NATO is to re-establish good relations with Russia, writes Solomon Passy 44 The United Kingdom and Afghanistan As the deadline for withdrawal looms, Dennis Hartshorne analyses the United Kingdom's objectives in Afghanistan, outlining the political and military approaches used to create stability 47 ATA’s role in the Mediterranean and Middle East Having played a pivotal role in promoting dialogue in the Mediterranean and Middle East, ATA is set to intensify its efforts, explains Fabrizio W. Luciolli 50 Emerging security threats The new security context, with particular regard to Russia, poses a number of short- and long-term challenges for the Alliance, explains Jamie Shea 54 Alliances and the Asian security dilemma David Fouquet looks at NATO's long-standing partnerships with countries throughout Asia, and the impact on these of a recent flare-up in tensions in the Asia-Pacific region Promoting NATO partnerships 57 Celebrating 20 years of the Partnership for Peace programme Now celebrating its 20th anniversary, the Partnership for Peace programme is still going strong, and has an expanding scope 60 Bridging the Mediterranean Sea Assessing the status of two key NATO regional partnership programmes: the Mediterranean Dialogue and the Istanbul Cooperation Initiative 64 Best of both worlds How do NATO's Response Force and the European Union Battlegroups complement one another?   NATO operations worldwide   66 Safeguarding energy supplies NATO and its partners are working to secure the safe transit of oil and gas to Europe, and in doing so, they are countering the threat of piracy 70 Confronting terrorism Looking at the counterterrorism role of NATO’s Military Concept for Defence Against Terrorism 73 Moving forward on Kosovo Reviewing the progress of the Alliance's peacekeeping operation in Kosovo and what it means for the wider western Balkans 76 NATO's disaster response The Euro-Atlantic Disaster Response Coordination Centre plays a pivotal role in providing assistance during civil emergencies, operating all year round Strengthening military capabilities   80 Rebalancing NATO forces After more than a decade of war in Afghanistan, what should the Alliance plan for as it contemplates its place in a dangerous 21st-century? 84 Closing the gap Assessing NATO members’ capabilities following the launch of initiatives designed to increase European cooperation, thus reducing the reliance on US assets 88 Ramping up NATO cyber defence Having recognised cyber as a major component of modern warfare through the adoption of a cyber defence policy, the focus is now on shared knowledge and interoperability 90 Taking the lead on cybersecurity The United States’ cyber-protection policies offer safeguards for both business and government. What could NATO countries gain from such an approach? 92 NATO ballistic missile defence: is it achievable? A defensive and offensive strategy, and robust situational awareness are essential for NATO to effectively respond to the growing threat from BMs 98 Upwardly mobile NATO's Strategic Airlift Capability, Strategic Airlift Interim Solution and HIP Helicopter Task Force are designed to plug the gaps in its airborne-transport capabilities 101 Air superiority The Air Command and Control System initiative is a radical enhancement to NATO’s ability to safeguard European skies for many years to come 104 Alliance ISTAR NATO’s Air Ground Surveillance programme enhances its ability to gather near real time data in order to follow events on the battlefield 111 Maritime projection NATO members provide a suitably varied maritime capability to address the range of security threats at sea, but what ships will they need in the future?  
By: Atlantic Treaty Association

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The Atlantic Treaty Association (ATA) is an organization of 37 national chapters that, since 1954 has been conducting analyses, training, education, and information activities on foreign affairs and security issues relevant to the Atlantic Alliance. ATA draws together political leaders, diplomats, civilian and military officers, academics, economic actors as well as young professionals and students in an effort to further the values set forth in the North Atlantic Treaty.