Providing Security in Unsecure times. Priorities and prospects for NATO and the EU, Greece By GAAEC
PUBLISHED: October 17, 2018
Providing Security in Unsecure Times:  Priorities and Prospects for NATO and the EU,   hosted by the GREEK ASSOCIATION FOR ATLANTIC & EUROPEAN COOPERATION In cooperation with The Athens Flying Week of 2018 and In Collaboration with Women In International Security (WIIS) - Greece   The Greek Association for Atlantic and European Cooperation held the Conference on “Providing Security in Unsecure Times: Priorities and Prospects for NATO and the EU” in cooperation with the Athens Flying Week 2018 and in collaboration with Women In International Security-Greece, with the kind support of the NATO Public Diplomacy Division, on 20 September 2018 at the Hellenic Armed Forces Officers Club (Sarogleion Megaron). The Conference topics combined the Air flying industry with the broader Security and International Relations contemporary issues, following the 2018 NATO Summit. Included here is the Photo Gallery. Following the opening remarks by Mr. Theodosis Georgiou, President of Greek Association for Atlantic & European Cooperation (GAAEC), former President Atlantic Treaty Association, Mr. Panagiotis Podimatas, President of the Organizing Committee for the Athens Flying Week 2018 and Ms. Ino Afentouli of the ΝΑΤΟ Public Diplomacy Division, the Conference included six panels of distinguished speakers discussing topics that related to the AFW18 project and the issues projected following the 2018 NATO Summit. Deputy Minister for Citizen Protection Katerina Papakosta expressed her concerns on human security stating that the international terminology now encompasses issues of poverty, social exclusion, religious fanaticism, and the questioning of governments by groups of citizens - in particular following the economic crisis. The audience appreciated the work done behind the scenes to ensure the safety of air travel as presented on the « Tourism, Security and Development» panel, by Mr. Charalambos Karimalis, President of the Board of Directors of the Hellenic Tourism Organization, Mr. Radu Valentin Metescu, Director of the Blue-Air airlines Training and Mr. Harris Markopoulos, Manager of the Security and Crisis management section of Aegean Air. A long interesting discussion followed at the “Greek Foreign and Defence policy in a changing international & regional environment. Challenges & opportunities after the 2018 NATO Summit” panel, chaired by Mr. Athanasios Ellis, the Director of Kathimerini - English Edition newspaper between the Members of Parliament Mr. Konstantinos Douzinas, President of the Parliamentary Committee of Foreign Affairs and Defense, Mr. George Koumoutsakos, New Democracy Coordinator for Foreign Policy,  Mr. Andreas Loverdos, Parliamentary Representative of “Movement for Change”  and Ambassador ΑdH George Kaklikis, Advisor to the President of “Potami” on Foreign Policy Issues. The Prespes agreement was inadvertently one of the key issues discussed. During the “New War Battlefields, Hybrid Threats” panel Captain Spyridon Papageorgiou, Director of the Hellenic Armed Forces General Staff Cyber Defense Division, presented the dangers of Cyberspace and included practical advice for more secure use of the Internet. Mr.  Triantafyllos Karatrantos, Senior Researcher of the Center for Security Studies ( KE.ME.A.) and Advisor of G.A.A.E.C. expanded on the Hybrid threats. The Chair was Mr. Andreas Lykoyrentzos, Founding Member of G.A.A.E.C. and former Minister. The “Perspectives & Challenges for European Security in the post 2018 NATO Summit era”, chaired by Ms. Ino Afentouli of the ΝΑΤΟ P.D.D., were knowingly discussed by former Minister & Member of the Hellenic & European Parliament Ms. Marrieta Giannakou, Professor at the University of the Aegean and President of the KEMEA Board Mr. Panayotis Tsakonas, and the ELIAMEP Director General, Mr. Thanos Dokos. Former Professor at the Athens University of Economics & Business and Member of the GAAEC Education Committee Mr. Anestis Konstantinidis chaired the “Could the EU develop an independent defense identity with a special emphasis in the aviation industry?” panel. Mr. Zacharias Gikas, President of the Hellenic Aerospace Industry, Mr. Tasos Rozolis, SEKPY President, and Mr. Alexandros Taliadouris, Manager, Strategy & Business Development, CAE Defence & Security – Europe & Africa CAE Defence and Security presented their expert contributions to the discussion on this pertinent question. The last session on “Inclusive Security - Aspects and effects for the citizens, PUTTING PEOPLE FIRST”, chaired by the Chairperson of Women In International Security (WIIS)-Greece Dr. Aliki Mitsakos, Founding Member of GAAEC and Dean of The International Center for Leading Studies (TICLS) epitomized the core concept of all the discussions referring to the broad connotations of Security for everybody in every day life. Two influencers contributed their experiences. Member of Parliament Mr. Vasilis Kikilias, Former Minister of Public Order & Citizen Protection & National Defence Coordinator for New Democracy, presented the State concerns for safety, and the Journalist Mr. Nikos Evaggelatos, who referred to the effect of the media. Despite the long hours of discussion the audience remained attentive to the observations delivered by Ms. Vassiliki Souladaki, International relations, Mr. Sakis Ioannides, Member of the Central Administration of the Economic Chamber of Greece, Mr. Petros Violakis, Vice President of KEDISA and Mr. Ilias Tasopoulos, Senior editor of the Center for Mediterranean, Middle East & Islamic Studies. The contribution of the Honorary Chief of the Hellenic Air Force General George Avlonitis to the organization of the Conference and the AFW18 must by acknowledged. On the weekend of 22-23 September all the participants had the opportunity to attend the Athens Flying Week International Airshow 2018,  the major Air Show that hosted elite display teams, pilots with special skills, aircraft with amazing capabilities, and amazing flying programmes. GAAEC’s next activities include the Inclusive Security Road Show to major cities in Greece during November and December 2018.    
By: Atlantic Treaty Association
64th ATA General Assembly 2018, Romania
PUBLISHED: September 28, 2018
On Thursday 27th September, the 64th ATA General Assembly was hosted at the Palace of the Parliament in Bucharest by the Euro-Atlantic Council of Romania. Security in the Black Sea Region has been the major focus of the Public session titled "The Future of The Transatlantic Security After the NATO Summit: A Black Sea Region Perspective". On September 28th,  ATA Delegates participated at the International Event organized in partnership with the Bucharest Security Conference. PROGRAM: G E N E R A L   A S S E M B L Y Bucharest, Palace of Parliament September 26, h.9.30-19.00 in partnership with the Committee for Defense, Public Order, and National Security, Chamber of Deputies, Romanian Parliament Public Session (with Media Representatives) Welcome Address Prof. Fabrizio W. LUCIOLLI President ATA Prof. Remus PRICOPIE Rector, SNSPA Mr. Alex ȘERBAN Founding President EACR, former ATA Vice President Speakers Hon. Dorel CĂPRAR President, Parliamentary Committee for Defence and National Security H.E. Dan NECULĂESCU State Secretary, Ministry of Foreign Affairs Gen. Maj. Teodor INCICAȘ Deputy Chief, General Staff of Romania Hon. Ioan Mircea PAȘCU Vice President of the European Parliament, Former Minister of Defence Discussion/Q&A session Panel II Mr. Cristian DIACONESCU Former Foreign Minister, Former Justice Minister (Member EACR) Prof. Dan DUNGACIU President, Black Sea University Foundation (Member EACR) Gen. Sergiu MEDAR Former National Security Adviser, former Chief of Defence Intelligence Mr. Rino BRUGGE Director General, SN Damen Galati Discussion/Q&A session PHOTO GALLERY: VIDEO GALLERY: Livestreaming: Part I [embed]https://www.facebook.com/AtlanticTreatyAssociation/videos/286240825547653/[/embed] Part II [embed]https://www.facebook.com/AtlanticTreatyAssociation/videos/303937093534376/[/embed]   Interview with Mr. Fabrizio W. Luciolli, President of the Atlantic Treaty Association Interview with Mr. Alex Serban, President of the Euro-Atlantic Council of Romania Interview with Hon. Ioan Mircea Pascu, Vice President of the European Parliament, former Minister of Defence Interview with Gen. Maj. Incicas, Deputy Chief of the General Staff of Romania Interviews with Amb. Sorin Ducaru, Former NATO Assistant Secretary General for Emerging Security Challenges Interview with Mr. Rino Brugge, Director General of Damen, Sponsor of the ATA General Assembly in Bucharest
By: Atlantic Treaty Association
Election of the new YATA President
PUBLISHED: September 28, 2018
On Wednesday 26th September 2018, the 22nd YATA General Assembly took place in Bucharest in parallel with the 64th ATA GA. YATA delegates elected a new Executive Board composed by: Mr Mr. Amish LAXIMIDAS from Portugal, YATA President; Mr. Simone ZUCCARELLI from Italy, Executive Vice President; Mr. Emir GURBUZ from Turkey, Secretary General; Ms. Juxhina SOTIRI GJONI from Albania, VP Communication; Mr. Rati BAKHTADZE from Georgia, VP Public Diplomacy and Ms. Ema KALUDJEROVIC from Montenegro, VP Finance.     From the left: ATA President Fabrizio W. Luciolli, new elected YATA President Amish Laxmidas and new elected Secretary General Zsolt Rabai. 
By: Atlantic Treaty Association
Elections of the new ATA Secretary General
PUBLISHED: September 28, 2018
On Thursday 27th September 2018, ATA delegates gathered together at the Palace of the Parliament in Bucharest for the 64th General Assembly, unanimously elected Mr. Zsolt Rabai as the new Secretary General and discussed about the future  activities and programs.  
By: Atlantic Treaty Association
EU-NATO: A Clear Win-Win Cooperation
PUBLISHED: August 28, 2018
Federica Mogherini - High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy / Vice President of the European Commission, explains how the cooperation between EU and NATO makes both stronger. These have been two intense years for cooperation between the European Union and NATO. After the historic Joint Declaration signed in Warsaw, our partnership is now closer than ever. We have moved forward on all 74 actions we identified for close collaboration. The more we work together, the more we realise we are complementary and we need one another. The list of our new fields of cooperation is long. Twenty of our common actions relate to hybrid threats, where our exchanges now happen on a daily basis. Last year, our parallel and coordinated exercises were also based on a hybrid scenario, and the same will happen this year. Beyond hybrid, our naval operations in the Mediterranean – Sophia and Sea Guardian – are sharing information as well as logistical support. The first ever EU-NATO staff-to-staff dialogue on counter-terrorism took place just weeks ago. And we have intensified our coordination on strengthening the capacities of our partners – particularly in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Moldova and Tunisia, but also in Georgia and Jordan. In Ukraine we are working together on issues such as strategic communications, training, and security sector reform. The clearest example is probably military mobility. Today, more than ever, rapid response has become an essential requirement for our security. Getting our assets where they are needed, and doing so swiftly, is a necessity we need to ensure at all times. This requires work on physical infrastructure around Europe, but also to remove legal and bureaucratic obstacles. On the side of the European Union we have - in line with the competences - identified a series of operational measures to overcome these barriers. In addition, the new long-term EU budget proposed by the European Commission foresees an investment of €6.5 billion in this field. And we have taken action on military mobility in the framework of the Permanent Structured Cooperation that 25 of our Member States have launched on defence issues. This work is happening in constant coordination with NATO. Experts from NATO have been associated with our consultations, and NATO has shared its parameters for transport infrastructure. There is no better example of how a stronger European Union in the field of defence also makes NATO stronger. EU and NATO are different organisations. The European Union is not a military alliance, and we do not intend to become one. NATO and the EU do different things: complementarity is in the nature of our partnership. At the same time, increased cooperation inside the European Union on defence issues can also strengthen the capabilities of our Member States – 22 of which are also NATO Allies. Through cooperation at the EU level, European countries are taking greater responsibility for their own security. Not only do we share 22 members: the EU and NATO also face similar challenges and we have converging security interests. Almost 95% of citizens of the European Union live in NATO countries. Protecting our people is the first of our shared interests. In these two years, we have realised that greater cooperation between our two organisations can only advance our shared interests. It is a clear win-win situation. It is time to make our partnership even stronger and closer, at the upcoming NATO Summit in Brussels and beyond.   NATO Summit 2018 | Strenghtening Deterrence and Defence while Projecting Stability Among the wide range of communication activities, a traditional commitment is the present ATA official publication accompanying and outlining the agenda of the NATO Summits. The ATA Official Summit Publication was disseminated during the Official NATO Summit Side Event– NATO Engages. The publication is available in its entirety here.
By: Atlantic Treaty Association
ATA Publication: Foreword from NATO Secretary General – Jens Stoltenberg
PUBLISHED: August 21, 2018
For almost seventy years, the nations of the NATO Alliance have stood together in defence of democracy, individual liberty and the rule of law.  Every Ally is pledged to protect the citizens and territories of the whole Alliance – all for one and one for all. NATO is the most successful Alliance in history because it continually adapts to change.  In recent years, with a more assertive Russia, turmoil in the Middle East and global challenges such as proliferation and cyber-attacks, the world has become more unstable and less predictable. NATO has responded to these challenges with the biggest increase in our collective defence in a generation.    Since 2014, we have tripled the size of the NATO Response Force, deployed four battle groups to the east of our Alliance, conducted more and larger exercises and increased the speed of our decision making.  At the same time, we remain open to dialogue with Russia. NATO has also strengthened its efforts to fight terrorism, bolstering our Resolute Support Mission in Afghanistan and doing more to train partner forces in North Africa and the Middle East. At the Brussels Summit, we will take the decisions needed for the next phase of NATO’s adaptation. We will further increase our readiness and our ability to reinforce our troops if needed, ensuring we have the right forces and equipment in the right places at the right time. We will agree a major update of the NATO Command Structure, including two new commands to ensure our forces can move quickly across the Atlantic and within Europe. Our strengthened defences will extend into cyberspace, with more resilient networks and the ability to draw on Allies’ national cyber capabilities in NATO missions and operations. When our neighbours are more stable, we are more secure. So at this Summit we will take further steps to project stability beyond our borders. We will confirm our enduring commitment to Afghanistan, with our Resolute Support Mission strengthened to 16,000 troops, and funding for the Afghan forces extended beyond 2020. We will launch a training mission in Iraq, to prevent the re-emergence of ISIS or any other international terrorist group. We will also step up our support for Jordan and Tunisia, with tailored packages of support. At a time of greater insecurity, Allies need to invest more and better in defence. In 2014, Allies pledged to stop the cuts to their defence budgets, increase defence spending, and move towards investing 2% of GDP in defence within a decade.  Since then, we have seen four consecutive years of increased defence spending by European Allies and Canada, amounting to an additional US$87 billion spent on defence. In 2017 alone, twenty-five Allies spent more in real terms than they did the year before. A majority of Allies have now outlined plans to reach spending 2% of GDP on defence by 2024. Allies are investing in major new capabilities, spending an additional US$18 billion on major equipment since 2014. Allies are contributing more to operations and missions, including thousands of troops for our increased presence in the east of the Alliance. At this Summit, we will take stock of our progress so far in terms of cash, capabilities and commitments and decide what more we need to do. Our security does not come for free, and we are committed to investing more in our defence. Also vital to our security are our relationships with our partners around the world. None more so than our unique and essential partnership with the European Union.  NATO and the EU work together in dealing with Russia, on countering hybrid threats, and in areas like cyber defence and maritime security. We also complement each other’s efforts in supporting our partners to the east and the south. The European Union’s efforts on defence are an important part of transatlantic burden sharing. NATO is committed to a vision of a Europe whole, free and at peace. At this Summit, we will assess our support for the countries that wish to join the Alliance, and take decisions to bring them closer. Our world is changing and NATO is changing with it. What does not change is the deep transatlantic bond that unites Europe and North America and has been the bedrock of our shared security for so long. This Brussels Summit will reconfirm our unity, our resolve and our strength. As we look forward to the 70th anniversary of the Alliance in 2019, NATO remains the essential provider of security for its one billion citizens.  The NATO Alliance is a pillar of stability in an uncertain world.   NATO Summit 2018 | Strenghtening Deterrence and Defence while Projecting Stability Among the wide range of communication activities, a traditional commitment is the present ATA official publication accompanying and outlining the agenda of the NATO Summits. The ATA Official Summit Publication was disseminated during the Official NATO Summit Side Event– NATO Engages. The publication is available in its entirety here.      
By: Atlantic Treaty Association
NATO Summit Publication
PUBLISHED: July 10, 2018
Among the wide range of communication activities, a traditional commitment is the present ATA official publication accompanying and outlining the agenda of the NATO Summits. In this respect, the 2018 edition assumes a special relevance as the Brussels Summit represents another milestone in the NATO’s continuous adaptation to the evolving security environment.
By: Atlantic Treaty Association
ATA and the NATO Brussels Summit
PUBLISHED: July 10, 2018
by President Fabrizio W. Luciolli  While Collective Defense, Crisis Management and Cooperative Security remain the NATO’s core tasks, as stated by the 2010 NATO Strategic Concept, in recent years the European security landscape has dramatically changed. The 2011 Arab uprisings and the 2014 Russian illegal annexation of the Ukraine’s peninsula of Crimea, obliged NATO to cope with all tasks simultaneously, and to adopt a 360° approach able to Deter and Defend the Alliance in the East while Projecting Stability to the South. Moreover, the Russian nuclear posture, the Skripal case and the risk of CBNR proliferation, together with the potential threat of new forms of terrorism, are also of major concern. In addition, the new cyber operational domain, energy security, climate change and migrations, are testifying the different nature of the today threats and challenges, often originating with unprecedented speed, thus challenging the decision-making process of the Alliance. Likewise, a new Hybrid Warfare is eluding the application of Art. 5 of the North Atlantic Treaty whilst the vicious use of disinformation and false news attempts to weaken the cohesion of the Western societies and their free democratic processes. In this context, NATO’s political consultation is essential to maintain the Atlantic solidarity, which could be affected by different security perceptions among NATO member States and across the Atlantic, as the Alliance is called to act in three different continents, from the Baltic to Iraq and to Afghanistan. Therefore, Allied solidarity and the Transatlantic Bond need to be strengthened by a fairer burden sharing in line with the commitment adopted by the NATO Heads of State and Government participating in the 2014 Wales Summit, which requires to devote the 2% of the GDP to defense expenditures, with a significant portion on major new equipment and related Research and Development. In this framework, the strategic partnership with the European Union acquires paramount relevance to assure a coherent development of military capabilities and cutting-edge technologies as well as the military mobility of NATO forces across Europe. In fact, in the present insecurity environment Readiness is key to deter as well as to prevent a crisis. The Brussels Summit Initiative on the so called Four Thirties recalls the number of the mechanised battalions, air squadrons and combat vessels that must be deployable within thirty days to respond or to anticipate a crisis. To this end, NATO is adapting its Command Structure by establishing two new Commands which will ensure that the NATO forces can move quickly across the Atlantic and within Europe. Furthermore, thirty also represents the number of the future members of the Alliance, as the historic agreement between Athens and Skopje on the name issue paves the way for an invitation to the Government in Skopje to begin accession talks. Notwithstanding the transatlantic debate between Allied Democracies and the competition of their free markets, the agenda of the Brussels Summit testifies the enduring Unity and Resolve of NATO members in addressing the wider challenges of the present complex insecurity environment by a 360° approach. Unity and Resolve is essential to steadily improve the NATO dual-track approach towards the Russian new assertiveness, open to a meaningful dialogue and based on a strong deterrence and defence posture. Likewise, Allied solidarity is also key to project stability and to tackle in a more ambitious way the security challenges originating from the Mediterranean which will be addressed by the new NATO Strategic Direction South Hub. Looking at the incoming 70th anniversary of the Atlantic Alliance, ATA is ready to complement the NATO 360° approach by adding a further degree of action aimed at communicating to the public opinions and the successor generations the enduring NATO’s values and role. This represents a natural task for ATA and its youth component (YATA), which will strengthen the vital linkage between the Alliance and the civil societies of the member countries, promoting a dialogue as transparent as the new crystal NATO headquarters hosting the Brussels Summit.
By: Admin
Developing Modern Defence Capabilities: NATO Air Power
PUBLISHED: April 25, 2018
Alan Dron assesses the growing air power capabilities that NATO Member States are introducing – from fifth-generation fast jets and their precision-guided munitions to state-of-the-art maritime patrol platforms After years in the doldrums, defence budgets among NATO nations are showing signs of inching upwards again, and major new weapons systems that will improve the Alliance’s capabilities are on the verge of entering service. In terms of air power, among the most significant of these capabilities is the Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II combat aircraft, initial examples of which are undergoing operational testing in Italy and the United Kingdom. So far, the aircraft has been chosen by no fewer than seven NATO Member States – Denmark, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Turkey and the UK – and it looks set to become the mainstay of NATO air forces in the same way that the F-16 Fighting Falcon did during the 1970s and 80s. There is no denying that the F-35 has had a long, expensive and troubled gestation. However, as the first examples start to reach Alliance nations, the pilots who fly them are starting to experience their remarkable sensor fusion capabilities and the advantage this gives them over opponents. Pilots are discovering what amounts to a quantum leap over previous generations of fighters. Additionally, an increasing number of weapons are being developed for the aircraft. Norway, for example, is helping to fund an adaptation of its Naval Strike Missile, a long-range cruise missile. The US Marine Corps announced the Initial Operational Capability (IOC) for the F-35B carrier-borne jump-jet variant of the Lightning II as far back as July 2015. This was followed by the US Air Force, which declared the F-35A to have achieved IOC in August 2016, with the head of the F-35 programme, General Chris Bogdan, declaring that the aircraft “will form the backbone of air combat superiority for decades and enable war fighters to see adversaries first and take decisive action”. In April 2017, the type made its first operational deployment in continental Europe when two US Air Force F-35As arrived at Amari airbase in Estonia to take part in exercises. The F-35 is due to hit full production rate in 2019. A further advance in NATO capabilities will come with the introduction of the Alliance Ground Surveillance (AGS) system, which will give commanders a comprehensive picture of the situation on the ground. A group of 15 NATO nations is acquiring five Northrop Grumman RQ-4B Global Hawk Block 40 unmanned aerial systems and their associated ground command and control stations. Once acquired, NATO will operate and maintain them on behalf of all 29 member countries. The aircraft will become available to the Alliance in the 2017-18 timeframe. They will be equipped with a multiplatform radar technology insertion programme (MP-RTIP) ground surveillance radar sensor, as well as a comprehensive suite of line-of-sight and beyond-line-of-sight, long-range, wideband data links. GLOBAL HAWK The Global Hawk is one of the largest unmanned aerial systems in existence, with a wingspan of 130ft (40m). Designed for high-altitude, long endurance sorties, its on-board sensors can cover huge swathes of territory from altitudes of 60,000ft. Once fully operational, the AGS will be capable of providing support for a wide range of missions covering both land and sea, such as border control and maritime patrol, surveillance of enemy ground forces and anti-terrorism missions, as well as crisis management following natural disasters. The AGS Main Operating Base (MOB) will be located at Sigonella, Italy. AIR-TO-GROUND MISSILES December 2016 saw the NATO Support and Procurement Agency sign an agreement with the US to acquire Precision Guided Munitions (PGMs), such as the Joint Direct Attack Munition, on behalf of a multinational cooperation framework that brings together eight NATO nations – Belgium, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Greece, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal and Spain. With the initial batch of missiles arriving this year, this multinational project will allow participants engaged in operations to be loaned PGMs from the stocks of fellow nations that have a less urgent need for them. Such cooperative programmes help NATO nations pool resources and make the most of still limited national defence budgets. One area in which more needs to be done is the provision of maritime surveillance solutions. The number of maritime patrol aircraft has dropped sharply since the end of the Cold War, but the need for them has escalated in recent years as the Russian navy – particularly its sub-surface component – has benefitted from substantial modernisation. Some new maritime patrol assets are in the pipeline, notably the nine Boeing P-8A Poseidons ordered by the UK, but more are needed. Potentially, a pooling arrangement among NATO nations would allow the Alliance to make the most of European nations’ defence funding. Projecting Stability | ATA special publication for the Brussels Summit 2017 For the occasion of the NATO Special Meeting in May 2017, ATA has published a dedicated monograph where high level policy makers and experts tackle the strategic issues of the summit. This publication was distributed to all the delegations and representatives that were taking part to closed-doors discussions and parallel meetings that took place before and during the Summit. The publication is available in its entirety here:  Projecting Stability | ATA special publication for the Brussels Summit 2017
By: Atlantic Treaty Association
Developing Modern Defence Capabilities: Towards NATO BMD C2
PUBLISHED: April 18, 2018
Facing a rapidly evolving European security environment, NATO is making steady progress towards developing its territorial ballistic missile defence capability to put in place a fully unified air command and control system by 2020, reports David Hayhurst Recent developments in NATO’s ballistic missile defence (BMD) architecture provide excellent insight into the Alliance’s progress in implementing a fully unified air command and control system (ACCS) by the end of the decade. ACCS is a remarkably ambitious undertaking. For the first time in its history, NATO will have a fully integrated command and control (C2) system for planning, tasking and executing all air-related operations. The world’s first – and largest, by far – C2 network of its kind will see BMD assets, developed and provided by individual Alliance members, merged into a fully integrated air and missile defence programme. Thiis will be capable of offering protection for all NATO European territories and forces, and even for out-of-area operations. Once fully deployed, ACCS will cover 10 million square kilometres of airspace. To this end, NATO bases in Europe are very rapidly being integrated into a pan-continental network. NATO’s Combined Air Operations Centre for Northern Europe in Uedem, Germany, achieved Early Operational Capability (EOC) in January 2016. Air bases in Glons, Belgium and Lyon, France should reach that goal within a couple of years. The NATO Allied Air Command in Ramstein, Germany, will oversee a continent-wide BMD network, including early-warning satellites, sea- and land-based radars and anti-missile installations based on ships and at air bases in three European countries. A key element of phases two and three of the United States Department of Defense’s European Phased Adaptive Approach (EPAA) to BMD will be provided by Aegis missile batteries, including four US Navy guided-missile destroyers based in Rota, Spain. The land-based component, Aegis Ashore, involves an SM-3 defensive missile system almost identical to ship-based systems. Progress is steady and the Aegis Ashore site at Deveselu air base in Romania was declared operational in May 2016. Next year, the second Aegis Ashore site will open at the joint forces base in Redzikowo, Poland. Both land-based Aegis sites will provide improved coverage against short- to intermediate range missile threats, with the more advanced, faster and longer-range SM-3 missile interceptors – the Block IIA and Block IB – to be deployed at the Polish site. Both bases will be built, maintained and operated by American forces. EPAA’s fourth phase (currently scheduled for operational capability in 2020) will enhance the ability to counter medium- and intermediate range missiles and potential future ICBM threats through the deployment of the SM-3 Block IIB interceptor. Other BMD-related systems illustrate the multinational scope of NATO operations. Since January 2013, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Spain and the US have contributed missile batteries to augment Turkey’s air defence against threats from neighbouring Syria and Iraq. Currently, Italy and Spain provide one Patriot missile battery and one ASTER SAMP/T battery each to the deployment, under the operational command of NATO’s Supreme Allied Commander. Other allies are also developing or acquiring BMD-capable assets that could eventually be made available for NATO BMD. As of 2018, upgraded SMART-L radars with early-warning capability will be installed on four Royal Netherlands Navy air defence and command frigates, with initial operational capability planned for 2019. Full capability will enable those vessels equipped with SMART-L to detect and track ballistic missiles outside the earth’s atmosphere. The Dutch and German governments are presently discussing cooperating jointly on this project as part of their NATO BMD commitments. NATO’s BMD-related capabilities also extend to a fully mobile defence system, which can be deployed anywhere within NATO boundaries, or outside of its area of operational responsibility. Headquartered at the air operations centre at Poggio Renatico, Italy (the first NATO site to be awarded full ACCS operational status), the Deployable Air Command and Control Centre (DACCC) comprises a suite of systems to support all aspects of the Alliance’s air C2 capability. An integral component of the DACCC is DARS (Deployable Air Control Centre, RAP Production Centre, Sensor Fusion Post). This tactical C2 system – easily transportable by land, sea or air – has already been deployed in Latvia in late 2015. Its field testing, over 2,500km from its home base, was considered an operational and technical success – essential before DARS could be considered for a Full Operational Capability rating. Projecting Stability | ATA special publication for the Brussels Summit 2017 For the occasion of the NATO Special Meeting in May 2017, ATA has published a dedicated monograph where high level policy makers and experts tackle the strategic issues of the summit. This publication was distributed to all the delegations and representatives that were taking part to closed-doors discussions and parallel meetings that took place before and during the Summit. The publication is available in its entirety here:  Projecting Stability | ATA special publication for the Brussels Summit 2017
By: Atlantic Treaty Association
Five reasons for Skopje full membership in NATO
PUBLISHED: April 15, 2018
by President Fabrizio W. Luciolli. Excerpt from the opening remarks at the NATO Day in Skopje, 4 April 2018. Twenty-three years ago, when the Macedonian Authorities signed the NATO’s Partnership for Peace and cooperation programs, the question to be answered was: Why NATO? Today the question is Why NATO is not doing more on counter terrorism, hybrid warfare, cyber, migration, climate change, etc? At present, the elegant simplicities of the Cold War are gone, and the free democracies of the Euro-Atlantic community are surrounded by threats and instabilities originating not only from the East, but also from the South. Moreover, the Euro-Atlantic community still has an “unfinished business” to be completed in the Western Balkans. In this context, Skopje is at a crossroad and its full NATO adhesion plays a crucial role for the Euro-Atlantic community as a whole: Approaching the seventy anniversary of the Atlantic Alliance, a full membership of Skopje will restate the NATO’s Open Door Policy bringing new energy to the Atlantic Alliance. The migration crisis is challenging not only the Macedonian borders as the stability of the country appears essential for the EU - Turkey deal on migrants. Furthermore, the full implementation of the Euro-Atlantic integration process will discourage any “greater” strategic perspective or influence, eventually envisaged by neighboring countries. NATO’s enlargement to Skopje will better counter the increasing Russian influence in the region, which is not favoring an economic and social development of the Western Balkans through their full Euro-Atlantic integration. Finally, Skopje is at the end of the One Belt One Road commercial and strategic highway coming from China. The aforementioned challenges cannot be effectively addressed by one country alone, but re-launching the NATO and EU integration processes. To this end, the 2025 could represent an achievable date for the European integration, which NATO can accelerate and secure. While the name issue must be addressed by the Greek and Macedonian authorities with a spirit of true cooperation, the role of civil society appears essential to successfully implement the Euro-Atlantic integration policies, as well as to counter the new threats and challenges of the present security scenario, ranging from terrorism to hybrid warfare and disinformation. In this framework, the Atlantic Treaty Association (ATA) and the Euro-Atlantic Council of Macedonia are ready to translate the Macedonians security needs and goals in concrete achievements by effective actions in the field of information, education, training, civilian preparedness and international cooperation.
By: Admin
NATO's Cyber Defence Pledge: Cooperating with partner:
PUBLISHED: April 11, 2018
Addressing the cyber challenge is a mammoth task that cannot be handled in isolation. Simon Michell reveals how NATO is cooperating with allied and partner nations, industry and other political organisations to shore up its cyber defences Monitoring and policing cyberspace is, in one respect, a bit like patrolling an ocean. Both are so vast, and the activity taking place within them so varied, that it is impossible for a single nation to do it alone. The Alliance has long understood and recognised the benefits of collaboration and has evolved into the perfect tool for taking on and sharing the cybersecurity burden. It is able to offer reassurance that it can protect not just its own networks, but also those belonging to its member and partner nations’ civilian populations. The process of this burden-sharing is well under way. Cyber has been assimilated into NATO’s Smart Defence initiatives, which enable multiple countries – both members and partners – to pool resources and collaborate on the development of cyber defence capabilities that may be too expensive for them to develop by themselves. The three most high-profile examples in progress are: – Malware Information Sharing Platform (MISP); – Multinational Cyber Defence Capability Development (MN CD2); and – Multinational Cyber Defence Education and Training (MN CD E&T). MISP was originally created to support NCIRC (NATO Computer Incident Response Capability) missions by enabling the sharing of malware technical characteristics within a trusted community. Its purpose is to speed up the detection of cyber intrusions and the implementation of appropriate countermeasures. From its early iteration, it is now evolving into a far more powerful toolset than was initially conceived. MN CD2 pools resources in the development and procurement of cyber defence equipment and capabilities. It has numerous work programmes, overseen by a management board that holds regular meetings to assess progress. CIICS (Cyber Information and Incident Coordination System) is a good example of the type of solutions it is developing. ADDRESSING SKILLS SHORTAGES The training and education that emanates from MN CD E&T is a fundamental tool for achieving a level of cybersecurity commensurate with the changing cyber threat. MN CD E&T not only educates uniformly across NATO members and partners, it also helps to plug gaps in national skills shortages and delivers a certification mechanism as skills are acquired by those attending to its outputs. MN CD E&T has a broad membership that benefits from training and education from organisations such as the NATO Communication and Information Systems School in Lisbon and the Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence in Tallinn. In his address to the 2014 NATO Industry Forum in Croatia, former NATO Deputy Secretary General Alexander Vershbow said, “Industry is a key player in cyberspace, since the private sector owns the majority of the world’s information systems and provides technical solutions for cyber defence.” He continued, “Simply put, industry is often our first line of defence; it is industry that has the tanks and the soldiers for cyber defence.” NATO INDUSTRY CYBER PARTNERSHIP The NATO Industry Cyber Partnership (NICP) is the tangible consequence of those sentiments. Launched in September 2014, NICP is enthusiastically supported by the former and first General Manager of the NATO Communications and Information Agency (NCIA), Koen Gijsbers, who highlighted the stark need for mutual trust. At the launch of the NICP, Gijsbers said, “This is about building an alliance with industry, and the key is building trust – to share sensitive information in order to respond to threats.” This is not entirely new, as NATO has always worked closely with industry – the difference here is the widespread information-sharing process and the speed of distribution that is anticipated. One of the best visible representations of the NATO-Industry cyber ‘trusted community’ is the annual NIAS (NATO Information Assurance and Cyber Defence Symposium) that takes place in Mons, Belgium. Everyone who is anyone in cyber security is present – from well-known communications firms such as AT&T, BT and Cisco to newer cybersecurity specialists such as FireEye, Forescout and Fortinet. However, it is not just industry and other military organisations that NATO is engaging with in its struggle for enhanced cybersecurity. NATO works with the European Union (EU), the OSCE (Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe) and the United Nations to expand and share their cybersecurity knowledge. In early 2016, NATO and the EU signed a Technical Arrangement on cyber defence to help both organisations improve the way they deal with the cyber threat. Projecting Stability | ATA special publication for the Brussels Summit 2017 For the occasion of the NATO Special Meeting in May 2017, ATA has published a dedicated monograph where high level policy makers and experts tackle the strategic issues of the summit. This publication was distributed to all the delegations and representatives that were taking part to closed-doors discussions and parallel meetings that took place before and during the Summit. The publication is available in its entirety here:  Projecting Stability | ATA special publication for the Brussels Summit 2017
By: Atlantic Treaty Association

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The Atlantic Treaty Association (ATA) is an organization of 38 national chapters that, since 1954 has been conducting analyses, training, education, and information activities on foreign affairs and security issues relevant to the Atlantic Alliance. ATA draws together political leaders, diplomats, civilian and military officers, academics, economic actors as well as young professionals and students in an effort to further the values set forth in the North Atlantic Treaty.