Promoting Transatlantic Values since 1954

The Atlantic Treaty Association (ATA) is an organization of 38 national members that, since 1954 has been conducting analyses, training, education, and information activities on foreign affairs and security issues relevant to the Atlantic Alliance.

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Both the ATA Headquarters and the ATA National Chapters have proven to be important partners to NATO's Public Diplomacy Division

Tacan Ildem
NATO Assistant Secretary General for Public Diplomacy, Brussels, 3 December 2017

Cyber security is one of the biggest challenges of our time. ATA is exceptionally well-timed

Julian King
European Commissioner for Security Union, European Parliament, 28 June 2017

We appreciate the contribution made by the Atlantic Treaty Association in promoting a better understanding of the Alliance among our nations

Warsaw Summit Communiqué
Issued by the Heads of State and Government participating in the meeting of the North Atlantic Council in Warsaw 8-9 July 2016
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NATO Summit Publication
PUBLISHED: July 10, 2018
Among the wide range of communication activities, a traditional commitment is the present ATA official publication accompanying and outlining the agenda of the NATO Summits. In this respect, the 2018 edition assumes a special relevance as the Brussels Summit represents another milestone in the NATO’s continuous adaptation to the evolving security environment.
By: Atlantic Treaty Association
ATA and the NATO Brussels Summit
PUBLISHED: July 10, 2018
by President Fabrizio W. Luciolli  While Collective Defense, Crisis Management and Cooperative Security remain the NATO’s core tasks, as stated by the 2010 NATO Strategic Concept, in recent years the European security landscape has dramatically changed. The 2011 Arab uprisings and the 2014 Russian illegal annexation of the Ukraine’s peninsula of Crimea, obliged NATO to cope with all tasks simultaneously, and to adopt a 360° approach able to Deter and Defend the Alliance in the East while Projecting Stability to the South. Moreover, the Russian nuclear posture, the Skripal case and the risk of CBNR proliferation, together with the potential threat of new forms of terrorism, are also of major concern. In addition, the new cyber operational domain, energy security, climate change and migrations, are testifying the different nature of the today threats and challenges, often originating with unprecedented speed, thus challenging the decision-making process of the Alliance. Likewise, a new Hybrid Warfare is eluding the application of Art. 5 of the North Atlantic Treaty whilst the vicious use of disinformation and false news attempts to weaken the cohesion of the Western societies and their free democratic processes. In this context, NATO’s political consultation is essential to maintain the Atlantic solidarity, which could be affected by different security perceptions among NATO member States and across the Atlantic, as the Alliance is called to act in three different continents, from the Baltic to Iraq and to Afghanistan. Therefore, Allied solidarity and the Transatlantic Bond need to be strengthened by a fairer burden sharing in line with the commitment adopted by the NATO Heads of State and Government participating in the 2014 Wales Summit, which requires to devote the 2% of the GDP to defense expenditures, with a significant portion on major new equipment and related Research and Development. In this framework, the strategic partnership with the European Union acquires paramount relevance to assure a coherent development of military capabilities and cutting-edge technologies as well as the military mobility of NATO forces across Europe. In fact, in the present insecurity environment Readiness is key to deter as well as to prevent a crisis. The Brussels Summit Initiative on the so called Four Thirties recalls the number of the mechanised battalions, air squadrons and combat vessels that must be deployable within thirty days to respond or to anticipate a crisis. To this end, NATO is adapting its Command Structure by establishing two new Commands which will ensure that the NATO forces can move quickly across the Atlantic and within Europe. Furthermore, thirty also represents the number of the future members of the Alliance, as the historic agreement between Athens and Skopje on the name issue paves the way for an invitation to the Government in Skopje to begin accession talks. Notwithstanding the transatlantic debate between Allied Democracies and the competition of their free markets, the agenda of the Brussels Summit testifies the enduring Unity and Resolve of NATO members in addressing the wider challenges of the present complex insecurity environment by a 360° approach. Unity and Resolve is essential to steadily improve the NATO dual-track approach towards the Russian new assertiveness, open to a meaningful dialogue and based on a strong deterrence and defence posture. Likewise, Allied solidarity is also key to project stability and to tackle in a more ambitious way the security challenges originating from the Mediterranean which will be addressed by the new NATO Strategic Direction South Hub. Looking at the incoming 70th anniversary of the Atlantic Alliance, ATA is ready to complement the NATO 360° approach by adding a further degree of action aimed at communicating to the public opinions and the successor generations the enduring NATO’s values and role. This represents a natural task for ATA and its youth component (YATA), which will strengthen the vital linkage between the Alliance and the civil societies of the member countries, promoting a dialogue as transparent as the new crystal NATO headquarters hosting the Brussels Summit.
By: Admin
Developing Modern Defence Capabilities: NATO Air Power
PUBLISHED: April 25, 2018
Alan Dron assesses the growing air power capabilities that NATO Member States are introducing – from fifth-generation fast jets and their precision-guided munitions to state-of-the-art maritime patrol platforms After years in the doldrums, defence budgets among NATO nations are showing signs of inching upwards again, and major new weapons systems that will improve the Alliance’s capabilities are on the verge of entering service. In terms of air power, among the most significant of these capabilities is the Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II combat aircraft, initial examples of which are undergoing operational testing in Italy and the United Kingdom. So far, the aircraft has been chosen by no fewer than seven NATO Member States – Denmark, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Turkey and the UK – and it looks set to become the mainstay of NATO air forces in the same way that the F-16 Fighting Falcon did during the 1970s and 80s. There is no denying that the F-35 has had a long, expensive and troubled gestation. However, as the first examples start to reach Alliance nations, the pilots who fly them are starting to experience their remarkable sensor fusion capabilities and the advantage this gives them over opponents. Pilots are discovering what amounts to a quantum leap over previous generations of fighters. Additionally, an increasing number of weapons are being developed for the aircraft. Norway, for example, is helping to fund an adaptation of its Naval Strike Missile, a long-range cruise missile. The US Marine Corps announced the Initial Operational Capability (IOC) for the F-35B carrier-borne jump-jet variant of the Lightning II as far back as July 2015. This was followed by the US Air Force, which declared the F-35A to have achieved IOC in August 2016, with the head of the F-35 programme, General Chris Bogdan, declaring that the aircraft “will form the backbone of air combat superiority for decades and enable war fighters to see adversaries first and take decisive action”. In April 2017, the type made its first operational deployment in continental Europe when two US Air Force F-35As arrived at Amari airbase in Estonia to take part in exercises. The F-35 is due to hit full production rate in 2019. A further advance in NATO capabilities will come with the introduction of the Alliance Ground Surveillance (AGS) system, which will give commanders a comprehensive picture of the situation on the ground. A group of 15 NATO nations is acquiring five Northrop Grumman RQ-4B Global Hawk Block 40 unmanned aerial systems and their associated ground command and control stations. Once acquired, NATO will operate and maintain them on behalf of all 29 member countries. The aircraft will become available to the Alliance in the 2017-18 timeframe. They will be equipped with a multiplatform radar technology insertion programme (MP-RTIP) ground surveillance radar sensor, as well as a comprehensive suite of line-of-sight and beyond-line-of-sight, long-range, wideband data links. GLOBAL HAWK The Global Hawk is one of the largest unmanned aerial systems in existence, with a wingspan of 130ft (40m). Designed for high-altitude, long endurance sorties, its on-board sensors can cover huge swathes of territory from altitudes of 60,000ft. Once fully operational, the AGS will be capable of providing support for a wide range of missions covering both land and sea, such as border control and maritime patrol, surveillance of enemy ground forces and anti-terrorism missions, as well as crisis management following natural disasters. The AGS Main Operating Base (MOB) will be located at Sigonella, Italy. AIR-TO-GROUND MISSILES December 2016 saw the NATO Support and Procurement Agency sign an agreement with the US to acquire Precision Guided Munitions (PGMs), such as the Joint Direct Attack Munition, on behalf of a multinational cooperation framework that brings together eight NATO nations – Belgium, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Greece, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal and Spain. With the initial batch of missiles arriving this year, this multinational project will allow participants engaged in operations to be loaned PGMs from the stocks of fellow nations that have a less urgent need for them. Such cooperative programmes help NATO nations pool resources and make the most of still limited national defence budgets. One area in which more needs to be done is the provision of maritime surveillance solutions. The number of maritime patrol aircraft has dropped sharply since the end of the Cold War, but the need for them has escalated in recent years as the Russian navy – particularly its sub-surface component – has benefitted from substantial modernisation. Some new maritime patrol assets are in the pipeline, notably the nine Boeing P-8A Poseidons ordered by the UK, but more are needed. Potentially, a pooling arrangement among NATO nations would allow the Alliance to make the most of European nations’ defence funding. Projecting Stability | ATA special publication for the Brussels Summit 2017 For the occasion of the NATO Special Meeting in May 2017, ATA has published a dedicated monograph where high level policy makers and experts tackle the strategic issues of the summit. This publication was distributed to all the delegations and representatives that were taking part to closed-doors discussions and parallel meetings that took place before and during the Summit. The publication is available in its entirety here:  Projecting Stability | ATA special publication for the Brussels Summit 2017
By: Atlantic Treaty Association
Developing Modern Defence Capabilities: Towards NATO BMD C2
PUBLISHED: April 18, 2018
Facing a rapidly evolving European security environment, NATO is making steady progress towards developing its territorial ballistic missile defence capability to put in place a fully unified air command and control system by 2020, reports David Hayhurst Recent developments in NATO’s ballistic missile defence (BMD) architecture provide excellent insight into the Alliance’s progress in implementing a fully unified air command and control system (ACCS) by the end of the decade. ACCS is a remarkably ambitious undertaking. For the first time in its history, NATO will have a fully integrated command and control (C2) system for planning, tasking and executing all air-related operations. The world’s first – and largest, by far – C2 network of its kind will see BMD assets, developed and provided by individual Alliance members, merged into a fully integrated air and missile defence programme. Thiis will be capable of offering protection for all NATO European territories and forces, and even for out-of-area operations. Once fully deployed, ACCS will cover 10 million square kilometres of airspace. To this end, NATO bases in Europe are very rapidly being integrated into a pan-continental network. NATO’s Combined Air Operations Centre for Northern Europe in Uedem, Germany, achieved Early Operational Capability (EOC) in January 2016. Air bases in Glons, Belgium and Lyon, France should reach that goal within a couple of years. The NATO Allied Air Command in Ramstein, Germany, will oversee a continent-wide BMD network, including early-warning satellites, sea- and land-based radars and anti-missile installations based on ships and at air bases in three European countries. A key element of phases two and three of the United States Department of Defense’s European Phased Adaptive Approach (EPAA) to BMD will be provided by Aegis missile batteries, including four US Navy guided-missile destroyers based in Rota, Spain. The land-based component, Aegis Ashore, involves an SM-3 defensive missile system almost identical to ship-based systems. Progress is steady and the Aegis Ashore site at Deveselu air base in Romania was declared operational in May 2016. Next year, the second Aegis Ashore site will open at the joint forces base in Redzikowo, Poland. Both land-based Aegis sites will provide improved coverage against short- to intermediate range missile threats, with the more advanced, faster and longer-range SM-3 missile interceptors – the Block IIA and Block IB – to be deployed at the Polish site. Both bases will be built, maintained and operated by American forces. EPAA’s fourth phase (currently scheduled for operational capability in 2020) will enhance the ability to counter medium- and intermediate range missiles and potential future ICBM threats through the deployment of the SM-3 Block IIB interceptor. Other BMD-related systems illustrate the multinational scope of NATO operations. Since January 2013, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Spain and the US have contributed missile batteries to augment Turkey’s air defence against threats from neighbouring Syria and Iraq. Currently, Italy and Spain provide one Patriot missile battery and one ASTER SAMP/T battery each to the deployment, under the operational command of NATO’s Supreme Allied Commander. Other allies are also developing or acquiring BMD-capable assets that could eventually be made available for NATO BMD. As of 2018, upgraded SMART-L radars with early-warning capability will be installed on four Royal Netherlands Navy air defence and command frigates, with initial operational capability planned for 2019. Full capability will enable those vessels equipped with SMART-L to detect and track ballistic missiles outside the earth’s atmosphere. The Dutch and German governments are presently discussing cooperating jointly on this project as part of their NATO BMD commitments. NATO’s BMD-related capabilities also extend to a fully mobile defence system, which can be deployed anywhere within NATO boundaries, or outside of its area of operational responsibility. Headquartered at the air operations centre at Poggio Renatico, Italy (the first NATO site to be awarded full ACCS operational status), the Deployable Air Command and Control Centre (DACCC) comprises a suite of systems to support all aspects of the Alliance’s air C2 capability. An integral component of the DACCC is DARS (Deployable Air Control Centre, RAP Production Centre, Sensor Fusion Post). This tactical C2 system – easily transportable by land, sea or air – has already been deployed in Latvia in late 2015. Its field testing, over 2,500km from its home base, was considered an operational and technical success – essential before DARS could be considered for a Full Operational Capability rating. Projecting Stability | ATA special publication for the Brussels Summit 2017 For the occasion of the NATO Special Meeting in May 2017, ATA has published a dedicated monograph where high level policy makers and experts tackle the strategic issues of the summit. This publication was distributed to all the delegations and representatives that were taking part to closed-doors discussions and parallel meetings that took place before and during the Summit. The publication is available in its entirety here:  Projecting Stability | ATA special publication for the Brussels Summit 2017
By: Atlantic Treaty Association
Five reasons for Skopje full membership in NATO
PUBLISHED: April 15, 2018
by President Fabrizio W. Luciolli. Excerpt from the opening remarks at the NATO Day in Skopje, 4 April 2018. Twenty-three years ago, when the Macedonian Authorities signed the NATO’s Partnership for Peace and cooperation programs, the question to be answered was: Why NATO? Today the question is Why NATO is not doing more on counter terrorism, hybrid warfare, cyber, migration, climate change, etc? At present, the elegant simplicities of the Cold War are gone, and the free democracies of the Euro-Atlantic community are surrounded by threats and instabilities originating not only from the East, but also from the South. Moreover, the Euro-Atlantic community still has an “unfinished business” to be completed in the Western Balkans. In this context, Skopje is at a crossroad and its full NATO adhesion plays a crucial role for the Euro-Atlantic community as a whole: Approaching the seventy anniversary of the Atlantic Alliance, a full membership of Skopje will restate the NATO’s Open Door Policy bringing new energy to the Atlantic Alliance. The migration crisis is challenging not only the Macedonian borders as the stability of the country appears essential for the EU - Turkey deal on migrants. Furthermore, the full implementation of the Euro-Atlantic integration process will discourage any “greater” strategic perspective or influence, eventually envisaged by neighboring countries. NATO’s enlargement to Skopje will better counter the increasing Russian influence in the region, which is not favoring an economic and social development of the Western Balkans through their full Euro-Atlantic integration. Finally, Skopje is at the end of the One Belt One Road commercial and strategic highway coming from China. The aforementioned challenges cannot be effectively addressed by one country alone, but re-launching the NATO and EU integration processes. To this end, the 2025 could represent an achievable date for the European integration, which NATO can accelerate and secure. While the name issue must be addressed by the Greek and Macedonian authorities with a spirit of true cooperation, the role of civil society appears essential to successfully implement the Euro-Atlantic integration policies, as well as to counter the new threats and challenges of the present security scenario, ranging from terrorism to hybrid warfare and disinformation. In this framework, the Atlantic Treaty Association (ATA) and the Euro-Atlantic Council of Macedonia are ready to translate the Macedonians security needs and goals in concrete achievements by effective actions in the field of information, education, training, civilian preparedness and international cooperation.
By: Admin
NATO's Cyber Defence Pledge: Cooperating with partner:
PUBLISHED: April 11, 2018
Addressing the cyber challenge is a mammoth task that cannot be handled in isolation. Simon Michell reveals how NATO is cooperating with allied and partner nations, industry and other political organisations to shore up its cyber defences Monitoring and policing cyberspace is, in one respect, a bit like patrolling an ocean. Both are so vast, and the activity taking place within them so varied, that it is impossible for a single nation to do it alone. The Alliance has long understood and recognised the benefits of collaboration and has evolved into the perfect tool for taking on and sharing the cybersecurity burden. It is able to offer reassurance that it can protect not just its own networks, but also those belonging to its member and partner nations’ civilian populations. The process of this burden-sharing is well under way. Cyber has been assimilated into NATO’s Smart Defence initiatives, which enable multiple countries – both members and partners – to pool resources and collaborate on the development of cyber defence capabilities that may be too expensive for them to develop by themselves. The three most high-profile examples in progress are: – Malware Information Sharing Platform (MISP); – Multinational Cyber Defence Capability Development (MN CD2); and – Multinational Cyber Defence Education and Training (MN CD E&T). MISP was originally created to support NCIRC (NATO Computer Incident Response Capability) missions by enabling the sharing of malware technical characteristics within a trusted community. Its purpose is to speed up the detection of cyber intrusions and the implementation of appropriate countermeasures. From its early iteration, it is now evolving into a far more powerful toolset than was initially conceived. MN CD2 pools resources in the development and procurement of cyber defence equipment and capabilities. It has numerous work programmes, overseen by a management board that holds regular meetings to assess progress. CIICS (Cyber Information and Incident Coordination System) is a good example of the type of solutions it is developing. ADDRESSING SKILLS SHORTAGES The training and education that emanates from MN CD E&T is a fundamental tool for achieving a level of cybersecurity commensurate with the changing cyber threat. MN CD E&T not only educates uniformly across NATO members and partners, it also helps to plug gaps in national skills shortages and delivers a certification mechanism as skills are acquired by those attending to its outputs. MN CD E&T has a broad membership that benefits from training and education from organisations such as the NATO Communication and Information Systems School in Lisbon and the Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence in Tallinn. In his address to the 2014 NATO Industry Forum in Croatia, former NATO Deputy Secretary General Alexander Vershbow said, “Industry is a key player in cyberspace, since the private sector owns the majority of the world’s information systems and provides technical solutions for cyber defence.” He continued, “Simply put, industry is often our first line of defence; it is industry that has the tanks and the soldiers for cyber defence.” NATO INDUSTRY CYBER PARTNERSHIP The NATO Industry Cyber Partnership (NICP) is the tangible consequence of those sentiments. Launched in September 2014, NICP is enthusiastically supported by the former and first General Manager of the NATO Communications and Information Agency (NCIA), Koen Gijsbers, who highlighted the stark need for mutual trust. At the launch of the NICP, Gijsbers said, “This is about building an alliance with industry, and the key is building trust – to share sensitive information in order to respond to threats.” This is not entirely new, as NATO has always worked closely with industry – the difference here is the widespread information-sharing process and the speed of distribution that is anticipated. One of the best visible representations of the NATO-Industry cyber ‘trusted community’ is the annual NIAS (NATO Information Assurance and Cyber Defence Symposium) that takes place in Mons, Belgium. Everyone who is anyone in cyber security is present – from well-known communications firms such as AT&T, BT and Cisco to newer cybersecurity specialists such as FireEye, Forescout and Fortinet. However, it is not just industry and other military organisations that NATO is engaging with in its struggle for enhanced cybersecurity. NATO works with the European Union (EU), the OSCE (Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe) and the United Nations to expand and share their cybersecurity knowledge. In early 2016, NATO and the EU signed a Technical Arrangement on cyber defence to help both organisations improve the way they deal with the cyber threat. Projecting Stability | ATA special publication for the Brussels Summit 2017 For the occasion of the NATO Special Meeting in May 2017, ATA has published a dedicated monograph where high level policy makers and experts tackle the strategic issues of the summit. This publication was distributed to all the delegations and representatives that were taking part to closed-doors discussions and parallel meetings that took place before and during the Summit. The publication is available in its entirety here:  Projecting Stability | ATA special publication for the Brussels Summit 2017
By: Atlantic Treaty Association
NATO Day 2018 | 4th April, Skopje
PUBLISHED: April 6, 2018
On the occasion of NATO Day, 4th April, the Euro-Atlantic Council of Macedonia organized a series of public events that took place in Skopje, celebrating the signature of the Washington Treaty. The events coincided with the visit of the President of the Atlantic Treaty Association, Prof. Fabrizio W. Luciolli and were organized in cooperation with the Ministry of Defense of FYR Macedonia, NATO Liaison Office in Skopje and the Croatian Embassy. The NATO week included an open discussion, an interactive exhibition and an open public event at Macedonia square aimed to raise the awareness of the Alliance’s role while bringing FYR Macedonia’s strategic determination of NATO integration closer to the citizens. Mr. Ismet Ramadani, ATA Macedonia’s President, opened the public discussion “NATO and You”,  stressing the importance of FYR Macedonia's membership in NATO, as well as the challenges that FYR Macedonia faces towards the path to full membership. Prof. Fabrizio W. Luciolli, ATA President, attended the conference as a keynote speaker encouraging all actors involved in resolving the name dispute, to address this issue not only in a political way, because this is an issue affecting the entire Euro-Atlantic community. He also noted that FYR Macedonia’s key player as it is located in a region which is at a crossroads of various risks and threats. Key policymakers, diplomats, representatives from the armed forces and civilian staff involved in the process of Euroatlantic integration highlighted the benefits of joining the Alliance through direct interaction with citizens. In the afternoon, a museum exhibition titled "The Republic of Macedonia on the Road to NATO" was organized with the aim to show the history of the Alliance, as well as the history of the Euro-Atlantic integrations of the FYR Macedonia, followed by an exhibition titled "ARM with you", to inform the citizens about their Army and its capacities. After the official events, ATA President Fabrizio Luciolli and an ATA Macedonian Delegation led by President Ismet Ramadani, met the Prime Minister of FYR Macedonia, Mr. Zoran Zaev, in the premises of the Government of FYR Macedonia. President Luciolli affirmed that NATO needs new energy and stressed the need for the FYR Macedonia to remain committed in maintaining the continuity of the processes that have progressed over the past year. He highlighted FYR Macedonia's contribution to operations, NATO-led missions, assessing them as an important part of the country's security, the region and beyond. Prime Minister Zoran Zaev stressed that the Government is aware of the importance of the reforms that open the way to NATO and the EU. According to him, the strategic goals of FYR Macedonia are membership in the North Atlantic Alliance and the European Union, and that the encouragement means a lot for FYR Macedonia. Furthermore, the ATA Macedonia Delegation met the President of the Assembly, Mr. Talat Xhaferi, to discuss the prospectives of FYR Macedonia for NATO membership and the cooperation with the NATO Parliamentary Assembly. More information about the NATO Day in Skopje is available here. The full streaming is available in the language of the Conference here.
By: Atlantic Treaty Association
NATO's Cyber Defence Pledge: NATO's IT infrastructure upgrade
PUBLISHED: March 28, 2018
NATO faces ‘hourly’ cyber intrusions and is moving to take its systems more resilient to a serious attack, according to the organisation’s director of infrastructure services, Dr Gregory B Edwards There are millions of cyber probes that we see within a week. These are not necessarily attacks, but give an indication that there’s someone looking at your area,” says Dr Gregory Edwards, NATO’s director of infrastructure services, whose responsibilities include cybersecurity for NATO’s information networks and data centres. The organisation is undergoing a major IT infrastructure upgrade that will see the delivery of new data centres at Mons in Belgium and Lago Patria in Italy, alongside a further two data centres in the new NATO HQ building in Brussels. Together, these will make up the new NATO ‘cloud’. The Mons and Lago Patria facilities should be up and running by September  2018. Under the existing system, the Alliance’s IT systems are distributed throughout its member nations. The thought then arises that bringing them together in a smaller number of centres might make them an easier target for hackers. However, it is not just about vulnerability – it is also about recoverability, as Edwards explains: “Right now, you have a lot of individual machines. A cyber threat can infect and eliminate all of them. Our ability to recover those machines would then take years. Bringing them together will aid the process of restoring services in the aftermath of an attack.” Like any responsible organisation with an IT policy, NATO’s systems constantly check themselves for any signs of intrusions. If one is detected, the system has the necessary electronic tools to quarantine and eradicate the threat. Similarly, NATO has also developed a Rapid Response Team of IT specialists to come to the aid of an Alliance member that faces a major IT threat. “It’s really an assistance team. Should a nation have a cybersecurity event and perhaps they don’t have the same abilities as us, we have the capability to deploy the team,” Edwards explains. In order to stay at the forefront of technology evolution, NATO’s IT experts have a close working relationship with their civilian counterparts in the outside world. “We feel it’s vital we have industry input, so we know what the leading-edge capabilities are in that industry,” says Edwards. NATO does not ‘track back’ to try to trace the source of a cyber intrusion, but, “We will know via intelligence that there are particular threats. ‘Signatures’ of various types of attack are held on the Alliance’s databases and the system knows what to look for,” Edwards says. That said, one area that NATO’s Allied Command Operations office would like Edwards’s team to develop further is the ability to correlate all the various probes and other types of hostile activity faced by the network. “They want improved situational awareness of the cyber domain,” he explains. As well as shielding its IT systems from external attack, NATO is also paying attention to what Edwards describes as the emerging threat of someone on the inside of the organization trying to sabotage the system. “We’re aware of that and looking to improve security inside our networks,” he confirms. Projecting Stability | ATA special publication for the Brussels Summit 2017 For the occasion of the NATO Special Meeting in May 2017, ATA has published a dedicated monograph where high level policy makers and experts tackle the strategic issues of the summit. This publication was distributed to all the delegations and representatives that were taking part to closed-doors discussions and parallel meetings that took place before and during the Summit. The publication is available in its entirety here:  Projecting Stability | ATA special publication for the Brussels Summit 2017
By: Atlantic Treaty Association
Public Discussion with NATO Deputy Secretary General, Athens 2 March 2018
PUBLISHED: March 22, 2018
The Deputy Secretary General of NATO the Honorable Rose Gottemoeller in Public discussion with the Greek Civil Society and the younger generation,   hosted by the GREEK ASSOCIATION FOR ATLANTIC & EUROPEAN in cooperation with Women In International Security (WIIS)-Hellas   On the occasion of the first official visit to Greece of the Deputy Secretary General of NATO, the Honorable Rose Gottemoeller, the Greek Association for Atlantic and European Cooperation (G.A.A.E.C.) in cooperation with Women in International Security (WIIS)-Hellas organized a flashing event on Friday 2 March 2018, at the Ministry of Digital Policy Telecommunications and Media Conference Hall. Ms. Gottemoeller spoke on “The NATO you might not know-security and defense beyond the old basics” followed   by a debate with the over 200 participants, of Government officials, Ambassadors from many countries and the Hellenic Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Senior Officials of the Hellenic Armed Forces, Police and Coast Guard, representatives of Women Organizations, NGOs, think tanks, University professors, but also a large number of University students, young military officers and the students –attaches of the Diplomatic Academy with their Director, Ambassador Ioannis Papameletiou. The President of the Greek Association for Atlantic and European Cooperation, Mr. Theodossis Georgiou welcomed the Deputy Secretary General citing the role of GAAEC in providing a “forum” for discussion as “public support can provide legitimacy to the goals of the Alliance, but public support requires an educated and informed public, and this in one of the missions of G.A.A.E.C. and our Atlantic Associations.’’ The Secretary General of the Ministry of Digital Policy, Telecommunications and Media, Mr. Georgios Florentis, welcomed The D.S.G. and mentioned that “this has been the second time in less than a year that the Greek Association for Atlantic and European Cooperation has been welcomed at this auditorium, meaning that Mr. Theodossis Georgiou and Dr. Aliki Mitsakos accomplish an extraordinary job to the purposes of the Transatlantic Cooperation. Since the beginning of NATO, Greece remains one of the most credible members of the alliance and a key player to the promotion of stability that NATO represents today. Discussions/Panels like this one today contribute the most to this promotion.” Dr. Aliki Mitsakos, Dean of The International Center for Leading Studies (TICLS) representing WIIS-Hellas referred to the implementation of U.N. 1325 by NATO and the appointment of the first female D.S.G. and second most senior civilian in the hierarchy of NATO, connecting the event with the approaching Women’s International Day. Dr. Mitsakos referring also to the first Police Lt. General Z. Tsirigoti, present, that they have worked hard not only in their field of expertise but also in their broader environment, stressing the importance of security on the human level, particularly for the women and children as the more exposed section of the population, but that gender must not be an obstacle in attaing goals. She also presented the outstanding CV of the honorary Speaker beyond major Think Tanks as the  Under Secretary for Arms Control and International Security at the U.S. Department of State, Assistant Secretary of State for the Bureau of Arms Control, Verification and Compliance and the chief U.S. negotiator of the New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (New START) with the Russian Federation, which entered into force on February 5, 2011 and is currently in implementation. The D.S.G. of NATO Ms. Rose Gottemoeller set out the Alliance’s essential role in a more uncertain world, highlighting the value of Allies’ collective efforts and thanked Greece for its contributions to NATO activities, so security is ensured in the eastern Mediterranean and the Western Balkans. Going through a few examples of where “NATO gets beyond the normal notion of collective defense, the NATO you might not know”, the first one is an area where Greece has played an enormous role, and that is in the combatting of illegal human trafficking. “what we are doing in NATO, we are going to be focusing on this problem over the next two years, in a work programme that will intensify our efforts, to develop a wider and wider spectrum of work, together with a number of different communities,  on tackling these important and very severe problems for humanity. But, with Greece's help, NATO has already been working in the Aegean and the Mediterranean to combat illegal human trafficking. Since 2016, NATO’s deployment in the Aegean Sea has helped curb illegal and dangerous human trafficking, working with Greece, also with Turkey and the EU’s border agency, Frontex. Second, our deployment provides an additional platform for cooperation among Greece, Turkey and the European Union, regarding the refugee and migrant crisis. And third, this is another success story of cooperation between NATO and the EU per se, working more closely than ever before and will continue to do so. I know there's been a lot in the media recently about defence cooperation being built up in the EU, and whether there's a competitive angle with NATO. I truly see a new era of cooperation developing between NATO, on one side of Brussels, and the European Union on the other side of Brussels.” Talking more about  UN Security Council Resolution 1325 as we approach International Women's Day on March 8th, “this is something that is year round for the NATO Alliance. At the 2014 Wales Summit, NATO leaders acknowledged that the integration of gender perspectives contributes to a more modern, ready and responsive NATO. Gender is an important focus of NATO's cooperation with other international organisations, once again, the EU and the United Nations, and also with civil society, so I am glad to see that there are so many representatives of civil society here today. Put simply, we believe very strongly that peace is best secured through inclusion. Today, NATO is working to ensure that gender perspectives are incorporated into all aspects of policy, doctrine and training. This is not only the right thing to do, but it is also the smart thing to do. It's how you get more effectiveness out of your military forces, if you have everyone working together in this way.” The former Assistant Secretary General of NATO, Ambassador ad.h. Mr. Thrasyvoulos Stamatopoulos commented on his experience in NATO and how the work done “is a bit like an iceberg, you only see the top one-third and there's a lot going on below.Let me amplify a little on what you mentioned, but there's so much more along these lines like working on children and conflict working with organizations like the OSCE and even the Red Cross.” Dialogue, he said, “complements the totality of what NATO has become, not so much a defense organization or not only, but a broader security and a political military organization. not only a military organization.” The second part on the event was an interesting and vital discussion with the participants. Mrs Zeta Makri President of the Women Political Association, former member of Government and the Hellenic Parliament, opened the discussion with a question about the implementation of UN resolution 1325 in NATO and the integration of gender aspects into the security sector. Students, but also Ambassadors ad.h. Georgios Kaklikis and Karolos Gadis, contributed to the discussion with questions relating to the current unstable security situation particularly in the Aegean, referring to the recent incidents with the neighboring country, as well as on the NATO EU relations. Ms. Gottemoeller responded straightforwardly, to all issues raised. In regard to Turkey and their stance in the South East Mediterranean she responded that NATO is a big family and any family is not without disputes, and the message from NATO headquarters is to try to facilitate the solution of serious problems by discussion, emphasizing that that NATO is an alliance that operates through consensus around the table. Asked about Putin's earlier announcements of new nuclear weapons in Russia she said that the US anti-ballistic shield is against North Korean aggression rather than Moscow and were not designed to in any way counter the Russian strategic offensive deterrence. Mrs. Gottemoeller called it "a bit of a non-sequitur" to say U.S. missile defense systems had been made ineffective, as they had been designed with North Korea, not Russia in mind, adding "it's the balance of strategic offensive forces that keeps the peace, not an attempt by one side or the other to defend against missiles." Questions from the younger participants included the gender perspective as in “As a woman who is a leading position, you may have faced a lot of difficulties. I guess it is quite interesting for us young women to hear all these difficulties and maybe a few advice” the advice being “never apologize” for a question, citing her experience from College, and the youth query in “what exactly does NATO do for young people and what are the opportunities that it has to offer?” saying “there are several ways that you can come and see what NATO is all about and really help us to move into the future”, related to the Internship program, among others. Ms. Rose Gottemoeller summed up thanking the great audience for “the opportunity to talk with you. I wish we had more time for questions and answers, but fantastic questions” adding “I do hope to see you at some point in NATO”. More information on NATO Deputy Secretary General to visit Greece here. Photos of the event are available here. 
By: Atlantic Treaty Association
Projecting Stability: Crisis management: projecting stability and strengthening security
PUBLISHED: March 16, 2018
Floods, fires, refugees, airspace incursions and instability on its borders are all crises that NATO is dealing with on a daily basis. Simon Michell highlights how the Alliance has established a process, methodology and skill set to deal with some of the most intractable challenges on the planet From its origins in ancient Greek, a ‘crisis’ is the turning point that a disease reaches when either recovery or death of the patient will occur. Nowadays, the term is generally used to describe volatile disagreements between countries, ethnic groupings and, on occasions, non-state actors that have the potential to descend into armed conflict. Although crises can be manipulated so that they fester on indefinitely, they can also be short-lived events during which the right decisions, taken at the right time, can resolve the predicament and bring back the tranquillity that preceded it relatively quickly. Crises, however, are by no means exclusively military in nature. They also occur when a humanitarian disaster unfolds that threatens to spread not just misery, but also regional instability. Again, swift and decisive action can shorten the suffering and ease the tensions. Another, and much more modern, cause for crises relates to our growing dependence on technology and infrastructure. When these are destabilised, damaged or destroyed, tragedy can ensue within hours. THE NATO CRISIS MANAGEMENT PROCESS NATO prides itself on being a crisis management organisation. This is not an aspirational vision statement; rather, it reflects current activity. Approximately 18,000 military personnel are engaged in NATO crisis management missions in Afghanistan, Africa, Kosovo, the Mediterranean and now, increasingly, in the Black Sea Region. When a crisis regarded as requiring, or potentially benefitting, from a NATO response is identified, political authorization from the member states’ national governments is sought before any planning, deployments or use of military force takes place. This authorisation is derived through the principal decisionmaking body – the North Atlantic Council (NAC) – which reaches decisions on a consensus basis. However, before arriving at a conclusion, it can call upon the support of an overarching NATO Crisis Response System (NCRS) process that draws upon a range of supporting elements. These include the NATO Civil Emergency Planning Crisis Management Arrangements, the NATO Crisis Management Process (NCMP), the NATO Intelligence and Warning System (NIWS) and NATO’s Operational Planning Process. NATO’s involvement in helping to resolve and contain the multiple conflicts that arose out of the break up of Yugoslavia in the early 1990s has not only kept it operationally active in the Balkans, it has also helped the Alliance develop a process and structure to better identify other crises as they evolve, in order to tailor an appropriate and bespoke response. This methodology has been refined over the years as crisis management has developed into a core NATO competence – the importance of which was underlined in the 2010 New Strategic Concept: “NATO will therefore engage, where possible and when necessary, to prevent crises, manage crises, stabilise post-conflict situations and support reconstruction.” To this day, that is what NATO is still doing in Kosovo as part of its KFOR mission, which began in June 1999. The Balkans conflicts highlight NATO’s willingness to assist nations and populations that do not belong to the Alliance. NATO is also an enthusiastic supporter of the African Union’s (AU) growing peacekeeping role and has provided a range of training and transport assistance. Back in 2005, NATO helped the AU in Darfur, Sudan. Today, the Alliance is helping the AU mission in Somalia (AMISOM) by providing strategic airlift and sealift. Another collaborative activity is taking place between NATO and Europe’s border agency, Frontex, in response to the growing refugee and migrant crisis. STAYING ONE STEP AHEAD The border lands between Russia and NATO have become an area into which NATO has been projecting stability for many years. The Baltic Air Patrols that defend the airspace of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania are typical examples of pre-emptive measures taken to lessen the likelihood of an unauthorized intrusion resulting in a deeper crisis. The Baltic Air Patrols are the most high-profile air defence missions of this nature, but they are not the only ones. NATO also patrols the skies above NATO members Albania and Slovenia to compensate for their lack of any fighter jets capable of undertaking the Quick Reaction Alert (QRA) task. Fast jets are also being deployed to Romania to patrol the airspace of NATO member states in the Black Sea region. As the military campaign in Afghanistan has moved to the Resolute Support Mission, the most pressing crisis management challenge for NATO is addressing Russia’s activities in Europe’s eastern and south-eastern regions. Without doubt, the annexation of Crimea and the ongoing instability in Ukraine represents heightened crisis management. The complexity and uncertainty of the instability in this region is unlike anything that NATO endured during the Cold War. A united response to the problems in the east and south-east continues to emerge, with NATO placing additional deterrent forces to the outer edges of its members’ territories. Four multinational battalion-sized (circa 1,000 troops) Battle Groups have begun deploying to Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland, and a multinational framework brigade is being established in Romania. NATO is also boosting its presence in the Black Sea region, “on land, at sea and in the air”. CIVIL EMERGENCIES At the other end of the crisis spectrum lies the civil emergency spectre of humanitarian relief and disaster response. Just as NATO has created a combat capability to deal with armed conflict, it has also put in place a structure and methodology for helping nations who are struck by environmental, health or CNI (critical national infrastructure) disasters. The Euro- Atlantic Disaster Response Coordination Centre (EADRCC), established in 1998, is the hub for these activities and has been extremely busy responding to disasters and training others to cope with them. Recent operations in which the EADRCC has been involved include forest fires in Israel, the Ebola virus in West Africa, floods in Albania and Bosnia and Herzegovina, and the refugee influx from Iraq and Syria. On the CNI front, NATO helped Ukraine and Moldova when atrocious floods and snowfall took down power transmission cables in 2008. NATO’s ability to manage crises is an evolving capability that will remain a vital tool in the Alliance’s kitbag. The utility this provides the United Nations is second to none, as there are no other military organisations with the scale and range of expertise that can manage these types of situations with a ready-made decision-making, planning and execution process. Projecting Stability | ATA special publication for the Brussels Summit 2017 For the occasion of the NATO Special Meeting in May 2017, ATA has published a dedicated monograph where high level policy makers and experts tackle the strategic issues of the summit. This publication was distributed to all the delegations and representatives that were taking part to closed-doors discussions and parallel meetings that took place before and during the Summit. The publication is available in its entirety here:  Projecting Stability | ATA special publication for the Brussels Summit 2017
By: Atlantic Treaty Association
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ATA General Assembly
Security in the Black Sea Region will be the major focus of the ATA Council meeting and General Assembly that will be hosted in Bucharest on September 27-29 by the Euro-Atlantic Council of Romania.
By: Atlantic Treaty Association



Riga Conference
The Rīga Conference has become a unique venue for constructive dialogue on international security issues between leading global decision makers. The event is organized jointly by the Latvian Transatlantic Organisation, the Ministry of Defence of the Republic of Latvia, and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Latvia. The ability to facilitate such debates at various levels and with the participation of high level politicians, diplomats, experts, as well as  local and international media is a proof of our ability to think and work in a global context attracting key players and facing the issues that affect our societies the most.
By: Atlantic Treaty Association
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The Atlantic Treaty Association (ATA) is an organization of 38 national chapters that, since 1954 has been conducting analyses, training, education, and information activities on foreign affairs and security issues relevant to the Atlantic Alliance. ATA draws together political leaders, diplomats, civilian and military officers, academics, economic actors as well as young professionals and students in an effort to further the values set forth in the North Atlantic Treaty.